Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) Regulations
In the year 2013 Choice Based Credit System was introduced for undergraduate courses in Arts, Science and Commerce. Further in the year 2016 the new Choice Based Credit System was introduced in accordance with UGC guidelines. The CBCS provides an opportunity for the students to choose courses from the prescribed courses comprising core, elective and skill based courses. The courses can be evaluated following grading system, which is considered to be better than the conventional marking system. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce uniform grading system in the entire higher education in India. This will benefit the student's to move
across institutions within India and across countries. The
uniform grading system will also enable potential
employers in assessing the performance of the
candidates. In order to bring uniformity in evaluation
system and computation of the Cumulative Grade Point
Average (CGPA) based on student's performance in
examinations, the UGC has formulated the guidelines to
1. Core Course / Discipline Specific Course (DSC) :
A Course, which should compulsorily be studied by a
candidate as a core requirement is termed as a core
course. Core course is also referred as Discipline
Specific Course (DSC). The course, designed under
this category, aims to cover the basics that a student
is expected to imbibe in that particular discipline.
2. Elective Course :
Generally a course which can be
chosen from a pool of courses and which maybe very
specific or specialized or advanced or supportive to
the discipline/subject of study or which provides an
extended scope or which enables an exposure to
some other discipline/subject/domain or nurtures the
proficiency/skill is called an Elective Course.
(i) Discipline Specific Elective (DSE) Course :
courses offered under the main discipline/subject of
study are referred to as Discipline Specific Elective
course. The University/Institute may also offer discipline related Elective courses of interdisciplinary nature (to be offered by main discipline/subject of
(ii) Dissertation/Project Work :
An elective course of 6 credits, designed to acquire special/advanced knowledge, such as supplement study/support study to a project work, and a candidate studies such a course on his own with an advisory support by a teacher/faculty member is called dissertation/project work. A Project/Dissertation work may be
given in lieu of a discipline specific elective paper.
(iii) Generic Elective (GE) Course :
An elective course
chosen generally from an unrelated discipline /
subject, with an intention to seek exposure to other
subjects/disciplines is called a Generic Elective
Note : A core course offered in a discipline/subject may be
treated as an elective by other discipline/subject
and vice versa and such electives may also be
referred to as Generic Elective.
3. Ability Enhancement Courses :
Enhancement Courses may be of two kinds :Ability
Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC) and
Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC).
(i) Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course (AECC) :
These are the courses based upon the
content that leads to knowledge enhancement.
AECC to be studied are i) Environmental Science
and ii) English/Hindi/Sanskrit. These are
mandatory for all disciplines.
(ii) Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC) :
courses may be chosen from a pool of courses
designed to provide value-based and/or skill based knowledge and are aimed at providing
hands-on-training, competencies, skills etc. to
increase the employ ability of students.
Duration (Time Frame) :
The Under Graduate program is for a minimum
period of three years and a maximum of five years, from
the date of admission of the candidate. From the
academic session 2018-2019, the H.P. State Govt.
switched over from semester system to the annual
The term “Credit” refers to the weight-age given to a
course, usually in terms of the number of instructional
hours per week assigned to it. This explains why usually
„credit‟ is taken to mean “credit hours”. The credits also
determine the volume of course contents and delivery of
program such as lectures, tutorials, practicals,
assignments etc. For the purpose of credit determination,
instruction is divided into three components :-
- Lectures (L) – Classroom lectures of one hour duration.
- Tutorials (T) – Special, elaborate instructions on
specific topics (from lectures) of one hour duration.
- Practicals (P) – Laboratory or field exercises in which
the student has to do experiments or other practical work
of two hours duration.
The Total minimum credits required for an undergraduate degree program is one hundred thirty two (132)
Summary of credits for BA & BCom
||No. of Courses
||Credits (Per Course)
Summary of credits for BSc
||No. of Courses
||Credits (Per Course)
All courses involve an evaluation system of students that has two components :
A) Continuous Comprehensive Assessment(CCA).
B) Term End Examination (TEE).
A) Continuous Comprehensive Assessment (CCA) :
Continuous Comprehensive Assessment accounts
for 30 % of the final grade that a student gets in a
course of study.
This would have the following components :
- (I) Classroom attendance : Each student will have to
attend a minimum of 75% Lectures/Tutorials
/Practicals. A student having less than 75%
attendance will not be allowed to appear in the Term
End Examination (TEE).
- a) Provided that those having between 74% and 65%
attendance will apply for exemption in a prescribed
form accompanied by clear reason(s) for absence, to
the authorized functionaries.
- b) Provided that those having between 64% and 50%
attendance will apply for exemption in a prescribed
form accompanied with a Medical Certificate from a
Government Hospital. Exemption from 75%
attendance will be given to those students who have participated in prescribed co-curricular activities (e.g.
NCC, NSS, Eco-Club, Rovers and Rangers, Youth
Festivals, Sports, etc.) Exemption to the extent of 25%
will be given to such students (making the necessary
attendance as 50% in these cases).
Further those students getting the exemption, except for
those getting exemption for co-curricular activities, will
not be entitled to the CCA marks for classroom
Classroom Attendance Incentive : The students
having greater than 75% attendance and who also
participated in co-curricular activities, 25% will be added
to percent attendance.
All students will get weight-age for attendance as
enlisted below :
≥ 75 but < 80% 1 marks
≥ 80 but <85% 2marks
≥ 85 but <90% 3 marks
≥ 90 but <95 % 4 marks
≥ 95% 5 marks
B) Term End Examination (TEE) :
- For courses without practical, the remaining 70%
of the final grade of the student in a course will be on
the basis of a TEE that will be of three hours duration
and will be covering the whole syllabus of the
- For courses with practical, the TEE (70% of the
final grade of each course) will consist of Term End
Practical Examination (20 % of the final grade)and
Term End Theory Examination (50% of the final
grade). Both will be of three hours duration, each.
- For the Odd semester the TEE will be in the month of
October, and for the Even Semester and for the
students appearing under Annual system of
examination TEE will be in the month of April.
- A candidate who does not pass the examination
(TEE) in any course(s) or due to some reason is not
able to appear in the TEE (other conditions
being fulfilled), shall be considered as „Fail. Such a
failed candidate shall be permitted to appear in
the subsequent TEE to be held in October or April
as the case maybe.
- The registration for the TEE will be done at the
time of enrollment for the course at the
beginning of the academic session. The fee for
the TEE will also be collected at that time as
decided by the university from time to time.
- A student who is not permitted to appear in the TEE
due to shortage of attendance beyond the
exemption limit (<50% attendance) shall be deemed
to have „dropped‟ the course. However, such a
candidate on his/her written request (made
immediately), can be permitted to redo the missed
course after completing the rest of the program or
whenever the course is offered subsequently. This
redoing would mean complete course including CCA
Grievances and Redressal Mechanism :
The student will have the right to make an appeal against
any components of evaluations. Such appeal has to be
made to the Grievance Redressal Committee (GRC),
chaired by the RUSA Coordinator. The Committee will
consider the case and may give a personal hearing to the
appellant before deciding the case. The decision of the
Committee will be final. The result would be declared by
the COE of the Himachal Pradesh University and the
degree (or certificate or diploma as the case may be)
Credit Weighed Marking System : Performance of a
student is evaluated in terms of credits earned in Credit
Weighed Marking System. Earned credits are defined
as the sum of course credits in which grade points
above a certain cut off have been obtained for declaring
the learner “Pass” in that course.
In this way two performance indices emerge :
a) Grade Point Average (GPA)
b) Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)
CCA is subjected to modify as per HPU
guidelines during the covid-19 Pandemic